Difference between Hindustani and Carnatic Music – Carnatic music originates from South India while Hindustani music in North India. However, from the 12th century, changes between the two music began to occur due to Persian and Mughal influences in the north while Tamil Nadu,
Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka in southern India witnessed the development of South Indian music Sangeet. Saga and Tala form the basis of Indian music. between the two music may have the same idea but the name of the body and how it looks different.
There are 6 main ragas and 10 modes or thaat in Hindustani music. In Carnatic music, there are seven notes for a scale containing semitones and these come with melodic boundaries. Ragas in Hindustani music consists of various bandishes, which follow the format and combination of notes.
This does not allow much leeway for composers. They are usually passed down from generation to generation. There is more freedom in Carnatic music.
DiDifference between Music Hindustani and Carnatic
There are some differences in carnatic music and Hindustan music namely;
- Carnatic music has homogeneous music and Hindustani music has heterogeneous Indian traditions
- Carnatic music has a controlled and intellectual character compared to the more secular Hindustani tradition.
- The main vocal forms of Hindustani music are Dhrupad, Khayal, Tarana, Thumri, Dadra and Gazals. While Carnatic music has several types of improvisation such as Alapana, Niraval, Kalpnaswaram and Variety Thana Pallavi.
- Hindustani music has various gharana such as Lucknow, Jaipur, Kirana, Agra etc
Music forms from Carnatic Music
Under this there are several forms of carnatic music;
- Gitam: It is the simplest type of composition with an easy and melodious flow of raga.
- Suladi: The Suladi is a talamalika, the sections being in different talas.
- Svarajati: It consists of three sections, called Pallavi, Anupallavi and Charanam. The theme is either devotional, heroic or amorous.
- Jatisavaram: It is noted for the use of rhythmical excellence and the Jati pattern.
- Varnam: It is the only form which does not find a counterpart in Hindustani music. and others.